Ajuntament de Lloret de Vistalegre

 

NATURAL SPACES

1- Sa Comuna of Llorito

Sa Comuna is an area of thicket and pine trees. It measures 131 Hectares. Its average height is 135 metres and the extensive plains are cut by two depressions: Comellar del Ras and Comellar des Carnatge or Sa Comuna.
A chapel devoted to Sant Francesc, patron saint of environmentalists, and the Mare de Déu de la Panada is located in s’Aljub.
It is one of the oldest communal areas in Mallorca. It dates back to the 12th century and it belonged to the farm of Manresa (the communal thicket of the farm of Manresa). The communal thicket was exploited by the people of Llorito. They raised cattle, donkeys, pigs, sheep and turkeys. In 1927 sa Comuna was declared “mont d’Utilitat Pública” (scrubland of public use) with the number 4 in the catalogue.

2- Vegetation

The present vegetation of sa Comuna is the result of continuous and significant human action in the area. The most common community is thicket, which is the result of the destruction of holm oak forests. The thicket is interspersed with the ever-present pine tree.
Cypresses, wild olive trees and carob trees also grow in the area, as well as patches of holm oak trees. Among the lianas, the Rhamnus ludovici-salvatoris, old-man’s beard, wild madder, common smilax and bramble are the presominant species.
The spurge flax, shrub, Italian buckthorn and Montpelier rock rose grow in a lower stratus.
Finally, the predominant species in the lowest stratus are tatching grass, red squill, orchids, asparagus and thistles and wild mushrooms.

3. Fauna

Many species of insects are present in sa Comuna including several arachnids such as the spider, the tarantula or the annoying tick. The lizard and the water snake are some of the reptiles found in the area.
Mammals are also abundant. Rabbits, hedgehogs, weasels and dormouses are the predominant species. Hares, genets and martens are also present in the area.
However, birds are the most abundant group in sa Comuna. Among the resident birds, the predominant species are the hoopoe, Sardinian warbler, cirl bunting, chaffinch, serlin, European greenfinch, goldfinch and sparrow. Some of the migratory birds that stop at sa Comuna are the skylark, woodchat shrike, nightingale, etc. The redwing, starling, robin, common chiffchaff and wagtail are some of the birds that arrive in winter.
Other birds that can be found in Sa Comuna are the kestrel, barn owl and owl, partridge, turtledove, common wood pigeon and stone curlew.